The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower Key Stage 2 is to ensure that pupils
become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations, including number
facts and the concept of place value. This should ensure that pupils develop efficient
written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large
At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including
with simple fractions and decimal place value. Teaching should also ensure that pupils
draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse
shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them. It
should ensure that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make
connections between measure and number.
By the end of Year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and
including the 12 times multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.
Pupils should read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their
growing word reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.